Stephen Hayesuk (Apples Orchard)

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Stephen Hayesuk (Apples Orchard)

Post by Admin on 2013-07-28, 20:43

TEASER


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Re: Stephen Hayesuk (Apples Orchard)

Post by Admin on 2013-07-28, 20:44

ABOUT

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Re: Stephen Hayesuk (Apples Orchard)

Post by Admin on 2013-07-28, 20:44

CONTENTS

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Re: Stephen Hayesuk (Apples Orchard)

Post by Admin on 2013-07-28, 20:44

(RESERVED)

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Re: Stephen Hayesuk (Apples Orchard)

Post by Admin on 2013-07-28, 20:44



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Re: Stephen Hayesuk (Apples Orchard)

Post by Admin on 2013-07-28, 20:44

Pruning



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Re: Stephen Hayesuk (Apples Orchard)

Post by Admin on 2013-07-28, 20:45

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Re: Stephen Hayesuk (Apples Orchard)

Post by Admin on 2013-07-28, 20:45

Summer pruning


Summer pruning, late July
http://youtu.be/1C5ebl-74P4


Uploaded on Jul 26, 2008
Avoid broken branches by reducing heavy loads of fruit.



Summer pruning
http://youtu.be/pReVULvggJE


Uploaded on Jul 6, 2008
Summer pruning may not be needed every year or for every tree, but where excessive new woody growth is made, there are benefits from thinning out some of the new growth to regulate the tree. Doing this in mid-to-late summer allows more light to fall on the apples which will lead to better colour and less apple scab, you are also going to prevent the tree getting overcrowded in future years.

Big, tall growing 'standard' apple trees, the sort you hang a swing from and sit in the shade beneath, cannot realistically be summer pruned, these trees find their own balance but in any event are usually more architectural/beautiful than fruit prduction units. But for restricted forms such as cordons, espaliers and dwarf bushes, summer pruning can be very helpful and even essential. As always, think about the needs of the tree and use your judgement.


Lorrette style summer pruning-1
http://youtu.be/y1EM1TxQF3I


Uploaded on Jun 1, 2009
Louis Lorette developed and described a style of pruning in which a lot of the new growth was removed in summer. Sounds weird, but it works. Like I said earlier, each year we should see new extension growth of leaders and laterals, fruit bud formation on 1 year old and older leaders and laterals, and actual fruit on previously produced and ripened fruit buds, BUT keeping these in balance does not mean we see these three features in the same proportion every year.

I can't totally explain the whole thing, and don't claim to follow the Lorette method rigourously (probably nobody does, just adapts the principles to their settting) but these 2 vids give an idea of what I do for my trees in the summer when they are making too much new vegetative growth.

the mature tree may need to have new growth removed to prevent it becomeing too dense, to allow light (and spray) to penetrate, and to prevent the tree growing too high or too wide. This is accomplished by summer pruning, IF NECESSARY. It will not always be necessary, you have to make a judgment.

these trees (Egremont Russet) have filled the space available for them but are still growing bigger. I therefore summer prune them, cutting back whwere necessary to reduce the amoutn of new growth, favouring fruit bud and fruit. Most cuts are either thinning out overcrowded wood, or cutting back too-tall new growth, usually back to the last fruit bud on the previous year's gropwth (see next video for this). This opens out the tree, and although quite a few leaves are removed, very little mature wood and possible no fruit buds or fruit.

This style of summer pruning is irrelevant to the big old 'architectural' tree that you sit under the shade of in your garden, but is absolutely essential if you are managing a very restricted form of fruit tree such as cordon, espalier, fan or dwarf pyramid.



Lorette style summer pruning-2
http://youtu.be/Bij2CecsAMM


Uploaded on Jun 1, 2009
See previous video text for explanation. (don't worry about the continuity error-video 1 was shot a week ago, video 2 shot today).

Basically, I am using Lorette style summer pruning to balance a mature dwarf bush apple tree where excessive growth is being made. Cuts are either to completely remove a leader or lateral, cut back to a fruit bud in last year's wood, or cut back young soft laterals to 5 leaves in the hope that they will form a fruit spur. As always, aim to allow air and light into the centre of the tree.

I am sacrificing some of this years (abundant) growth in the interest of fruit bud) and fruit. Obviously i wouldn't do it like this if there was very little new growth or if the tree was young and growing.


Please note, this form of pruning is for mature trees, young trees which are growing are managed quite differently. These trees have also been winter pruned to get their basic framework right, this I suppose you could call fine-tuning.


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Re: Stephen Hayesuk (Apples Orchard)

Post by Admin on 2013-07-28, 21:26

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Re: Stephen Hayesuk (Apples Orchard)

Post by Admin on 2013-07-28, 21:26

Grafting

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Re: Stephen Hayesuk (Apples Orchard)

Post by Admin on 2013-07-28, 21:30

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Re: Stephen Hayesuk (Apples Orchard)

Post by Admin on 2013-07-28, 21:30

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Re: Stephen Hayesuk (Apples Orchard)

Post by Admin on 2013-07-28, 21:32

Orchard ramblings



Orchard ramblings May 2013
http://youtu.be/oq8duhRnvv4


Published on Jun 1, 2013
Some unscripted ramblings from the orchard on the last day of May. We have just dug out and sawn up 20 trees, variety Red Pippin (Fiesta) that were surplus to our wants. This will give trees close to them more light, air and a better root run and make it easier for us to prune, mow, spray and pick. We planted too many of this particular variety based on Ministry of Agriculture advice. It is not very well flavoured, is very prone to scab and the last few years we could not sell them all. It does not make good cider either. We are holding on to about 12 of this variety. Its not a bad apple, just not an exceptional one and we had too many.

Our priorities and goals for the orchard have changed over the 21 years since we started it. We were in our mid thirties then, now in our late 50s. We don't need to make a profit as long as we at least break even and are increasingly moving towards an easier to manage and beautiful fruit garden rather than a market enterprise. We will do our farmer's markets this year but from 2014 will scale them down and do more exhibitions and private sales. PLEASE NOTE this is not a value judgment just a personal preference. We do not criticise the commercial fruit industry for trying to be as efficient, scientific and market-responsive as possible. We are more interested in the romance and history of the apple, keeping old varieties alive, and being a repository of genetic material which we can distribute to others who are interested. Feedback from friends on YouTube has changed the way we manage our orchard, we see it in some measure as a service to global backyard orchardist. Hey, I like the sound of that, 'The Global Backyard Orchard.'

Fewer, more widely spaced trees are easier to manage and as we get nearer 60 and both have aching joints and other things to do outside the orchard, ease of management matters more than cash profit.


Orchard ramble, July 2013-apple seedlings, pests and diseases, graft update
http://youtu.be/cbWYFxq2yNA


Published on Jul 3, 2013
A 20 minute orchard walk with randome seasonal thoughts and observations.

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Re: Stephen Hayesuk (Apples Orchard)

Post by Admin on 2014-02-25, 21:45

Farmers' Market


Our final Winchester Farmers' Market
http://youtu.be/VDEQ2T6YiTc

Published on Jan 12, 2014

Most good things come to an end and after 10 years or so of coming here 2 Sundays a month from July to December, we have decided to pull out. This video from December 2013 was from our last market, sorry its a bit shaky, I forgot my camera and had to use the mobile phone.

A range of reasons led to this decision. Essentially 'everything has a season' (Ecclesiastes chapter 3) and so many things have changed for Julia and I since this all began that some rebalancing of our lives was appropriate. Just as a sailing ship needs to have the course adjusted for wind and tide.

Julia will still be doing the Fareham Saturday markets from July or August (depending on the plum harvest) until December. Our fruit will be available from select local outlets, particularly Westlands farm shop near Wickham. We will do the Netley Autumn Pumpkin Festival as usual and if anyone wants to pick up a substantial order from our home by arrangement that can be done. I'm not giving out the phone number here but people will be able to contact us via the www.fruitwise.blogspot.com blog. I have neglected this in the past but will update it weekly from July 2014 to say what fruit we have for sale and where to get it.

Our friend Jez continues to make excellent cider from our fruit. We are reducing the number of trees a bit more and grafting more over to cider. I am also planting perry pears. And I will also be sending out scion wood to graft, expect a video about that here in a week or so.

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